The term dedicated server can refer to two different concepts, so the process of creating one differs depending on the definition you have in mind. To create a dedicated server that acts as a web host, you will need a reliable Internet connection or space in a data center. In addition to the Internet connection, the computer will need to have some type of server software installed. Instead, you may want to create a dedicated gaming server, which can use a computer you own or rent. To create a dedicated server for a game, run the game client or use special files provided by the publisher.
In computer science, the term dedicated server typically refers to a computer that is permanently connected to the Internet to provide web content or other related services. A dedicated server can be created using a home or business Internet connection, although the service will tend to be more unreliable than a data center can provide. Dedicated servers can typically be rented from hosting companies, although it is often possible to create a dedicated server and then place it in a data center.
To create a dedicated server like this, you need to buy or build a computer. This process is typically easier than creating a regular desktop computer, as dedicated servers do not require components such as video cards. The operating system (OS) can be chosen from a variety of different options, although most operating systems offer special editions of the server. You may also need additional software, depending on whether you want to provide web content, offer Internet voice protocol services (VOIP), or other additional options.
You may also want to create a dedicated server for multiplayer games. This type of server requires a computer with a dedicated Internet connection and can be installed on a home computer or placed in a data center. The process for creating a dedicated game server varies depending on the particular multiplayer game, although most allow a server to be started from within the game client. Typically choose an option to start or host a new game and select the option for a dedicated server instead of listening. This usually causes the game to close, at which point the game server starts.
Many game publishers also provide dedicated or binary server files that you can use without installing the actual game client. The publisher can offer the necessary binaries from its own website or through a downloadable tool. These files can be especially useful if you want to create the dedicated server on a machine running an operating system that the game itself does not support.
To create a dedicated server for multiplayer games from your home computer, you may need to make changes to your router or modem. Many games require packet forwarding, so you’ll need to check with the publisher to determine if you need to change these settings in your router. If the computer is connected directly to the modem or installed in a data center, these adjustments are generally not necessary.